Established in 1951, The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. With 155 member states, IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.


The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement. IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:

  • Migration and development
  • Facilitating migration
  • Regulating migration
  • Forced migration.


IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.


Since the IOM Country Office in Egypt was established in 1991, cooperation between IOM and the Egyptian Government and non-governmental stakeholders has increasingly grown to face migration challenges brought about by phenomena such as globalization, conflict and instability, unemployment, climate change, and various others.


Egypt is a sending, transit and receiving country of migration. IOM’s strategy in Egypt is to continue supporting Egypt’s efforts for achieving successful migration management, discouraging irregular migration while maximizing economic benefits of regular migration, including enhanced benefits of engaging Egyptians abroad for Egypt’s development. One of IOM’s priorities is furthermore to strengthen the Egyptian government’s capacity to address the challenges of transit migration including smuggling and human trafficking, while – at the same time – providing direct assistance to vulnerable migrants stranded in Egypt. This includes emergency humanitarian assistance, evacuation assistance, health assistance, and Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) services.


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